2017: Towards equal tourism participation and inclusive working environments: access, security and wellbeing  >  Making tourism accessible to all

 

Accessible tourism development in China

Written by: Yang, Yao

University: Lincoln

In this paper, I reviewed the accessible tourism and tis development in China. In this paper, I analyzed the importance of developing the accessible tourism since travelling is also one basic human right for human beings. People with the disabilities are usually excluded from the leisure activities, including the tourism. In this condition, they cannot enjoy their basic human rights. The development of accessible tourism has significant meaning in providing more chances for the disable people and increases the general welfare of the societies.
In china, the accessible tourism has developed quickly in recent years. However, there are some problems related to the accessible tourism as well. The Chinese tourism industry is prosperous in recent years. In this background, the government has increased the emphasis on the development of accessible tourism to provide equal chances for common people and disable people to travel at the same time. Although there is increased stress in this aspect, the accessible tourism is still less developed in China. There is a shortage of the related facility and the other equipment for the disable people. The Chinese tourism destinations have the characters of being located in remote areas and the transportation is not convenient. For some famous natural scenes like mountains, it is difficult and even impossible for the disable people to travel in these areas.
The Chinese tourism industry has the character of lacking the characteristic tourism experience. The destination tourism travelling is usually focused on visiting the nature scenes and there are shortage of the additional and supplementary tourism scenes. In this condition, the disable people may face many difficulties and problems in traveling in this case. These people have serious problems in the related entertainment activities and they face huge barriers in developing the necessary facilities. The shortage of multiple and suitable tourism activities and experiences to disable people also generate some barriers for them to enjoy the traveling experience.. The disable people have reached a high level of amount in China and the total amount of disable people accounted for over 17.3 percentages in terms of the total population. Due to these reasons, it is important to develop the accessible tourism to provide chances for these people to travel.
This paper choses two destinations as the examples of case studies for the accessible tourism in China. The Forbidden City in Beijing provided relatively abundant and complete accessible tourism equipment and services to the disable people. The reasons is that the Forbidden City is located at the capital of China and consequently, it is convenient to teapot the repeated equipment to the Forbidden City. Also, the Beijing government has the relatively abundant resource to build the equipment. The Forbidden City is the most famous destination in China and it has high quality of disable people visits each year. The government made huge investment to provide convenience for disables people to travel in the Forbidden City. The Forbidden City is beneficial for building and providing the satisfactory services to the disable people.
The Yellow Mountain is also chosen as an example to discuss the accessible tourism in China. The Yellow Mountain is a nature scene and the forbidders many disable people to travel. The local government is also in shortage of the momentary support to develop the disable equipment and devices since the Anhui Province government is relatively in shortage for the necessary finance resources. Due to these reasons, the disable people face huge difficulties to climb the Yellow Mountain. However, there are still some disable people having climbed the Yellow Mountain successfully. These people are equipped with the necessary trainings and they try to be successful in climbing the mountains with their professional and their strong spirits. This reveals the huge potential to develop the accessible tourism in China.
From these two cases, it can be found that the accessible tourism development has reached some achievements in China. However, there are still many places requiring development tin China. The related government polices and regulations about the accessible tourism development are not complete yet. These may result in some problems due to the shortage of financial resource to support its further development. The further development of the accessible tourism required the sufficient supports from the government and the increased awareness of the public about the importance of tourism to disable people. The tourism can bring many beneficial influences to the disable people, including the beneficial physical health and the mental healthy outcomes.
Due to these reasons, it is important and necessary for the Chinese government to increase sand promote the development of accessible tourism in order to promote the health condition of the whole society in general and the beneficial consequences for increasing the social welfare for the disable people. The development of accessible tourism is important for the social service in general.

References:
Li, Y. & Hu, Z. 2011, "COMMUNIST IDENTITY IN CHINA: A CASE STUDY OF RED TOURISM", International Journal of Arts & Sciences.
Wu, M. & Pearce, P.L. 2012, "Tourism research in and about Tibet: Employing a system for reviewing regional tourism studies", Tourism and Hospitality Research, p. 59-72.
Hooper, J. 2015, "A destination too far? Modelling destination accessibility and distance decay in tourism", GeoJournal.